Macchiagrande (english version) | WWF Italy

Macchiagrande (english version)

© F. Marcone
The Oasis of Macchiagrande and Vasche di Maccarese lies within close proximity of Rome, Fiumicino international airport and urban areas. In spite of this the Oasis still resists: a very beautiful Mediterranean maquis, a forest and a rich wetland area...
WWF Oasis Macchiagrande and Vasche di Maccarese represents the heart of the “Riserva Naturale Statale del Litorale Romano”, a State Nature Reserve of significant value for the conservation of the Tyrrhenian coast. The man-made Vasche di Maccarese host a rich diversity aquatic bird species.

About Macchiagrande and Vasche di Maccarese

WWF Oasis of Macchiagrande was opened in 1986. Since 1996 it is part of the State Nature Reserve “Riserva Naturale Statale del Litorale Romano” designated in the same year. Macchiagrande represents one of the most precious portions of the nature reserve.
It is a mix of many interesting habitats: from the Mediterranean maquis to the sand-dunes to the woodland, one of the most beautiful and best preserved of the Lazio seacoast.

A unique hygrophilous woodland still survives along the shores of what was once the ancient Maccarese Pond, today known as Focene’s Pond. A network of canals today covers much of the land reclaimed in the early twentieth century. Meadows and pine-woods are also present.  

The Oasis covers an area of 280 hectares.

Flora and Fauna

The flora of Macchiagrande Oasis is characterised by many different and unique species: along the coast are pioneer species including seashore false bindweed, sea holly, sea plantain and sea daffodil.  Prickly cedar, Phoenician juniper, rosemary, mastic and myrtle all grow over the sand dunes.
The woodland is dominated by the holm oak,  pedunculate oak and, in the wettest areas, alder, laurel and many species of poplar. There are also some species of wild orchids.
Macchiagrande is characterised by a high diversity of waterbird species. These include the Mallard duck, Common Teal, Great Cormorants,  Grey Heron, Little Egret, Little Bittern and Purple Heron. Among the birds of prey the Western Marsh Harrier, Common Kestrel, Osprey and Common Buzzard. Many species of passerines, including the Sardinian Warbler, inhabits the Mediterranean maquis and woods of the Oasis.

Mammal species include porcupines, European rabbits, foxes, beech martens and harvest mice. In the maquis many individuals of Hermann's tortoise, symbol of the Natural Reserve, can be observed.  
Visiting Macchiagrande Oasis
Three nature trails for a total length of about 7 km cross the nature reserve giving visitors the opportunity to appreciate the different habitats of the Oasis e.g. woodland, meadows, sand dunes and wetland.

Information boards and panels provide visitors with in-depth information on the plants and animals that can be found in the Reserve. Hide-outs for watching wildlife and resting areas are located at intervals along the trails.

Trails are flat and easy.

Theme-based tours for groups and schools are possible in the nature reserve. Trails are child-friendly, particularly the “senses trail” specifically created for young children.
Information material and a map of nature trails are available at the Visitor Centre at the main entrance.

The protected area is managed by WWF Italy in agreement with both the landowners (Società Maccarese S.p.A) and Fiumicino Municipality.


conctat information and opening times

Visitor Centre: 
Cell. +39 320.900.69.92 (WhatsApp too) Everyday 10a.m.-12a.m. e 2.p.m- 4 p.m.



By car
- From Rome the protected area can be reached by the S.S. “Aurelia” or by the Roma – Fiumicino motorway.

By pubblic transport
- At Cornelia metro station (orange line) take the Cotral bus Roma - Fregene line.
- By train: take the train to Maccarese station then the bus Maccarese - Fregene (circle line) or bus number 020.

Bus Timetable

Roma - Maccarese trains

Maccarese - Roma trains